Prevalence of Salmonella Typhi in Bile of the Patients Undergoing Cholecystectomy at a Tertiary Care Hospital Karachi

Authors

  • Shamim Senior registrar, Department of General Surgery, Kharadar General Hospital Karachi
  • Kehkashan Zahid ior medical resident, Department of General Surgery, Jinnah postgraduate Medical Centre Karachi
  • Bilal Rasool Assistant Professor, Department of General Surgery, LUMHS Jamshoro/Hyderabad
  • Agha Afaque Hussain enior RRegistrar, Department of General Surgery, Sulema Roshan Medical college Tando Adam
  • Humera Jabeen Senior Registrar, Department of General Surgery, Sulema Roshan Medical college Tando Adam
  • Sarang Consultant Surgeon, Department of General Surgery, LUMHS Jamshoro/Hyderabad

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48036/apims.v20i3.1103

Keywords:

Salmonella typhi, gall bladder, Cholecystectomy

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of salmonella typhi in bile specimens collected from patients undergoing cholecystectomy at a tertiary care Hospital Karachi.

Methodology: The descriptive cross-sectional study, was conducted at Department of Surgical Unit 21, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi, from January 2021 to June 2021. Patients with symptomatic Cholelithiasis like sudden pain in the upper right portion of your abdomen which radiate towards right shoulder, nausea, vomiting, undergo cholecystectomy of either gender male or female with age 14 to 60 years were included. After open cholecystectomy, bile was aspirated from the gallbladder at fundus in five ml syringe and long spinal needles was used in case   of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to collect bile under vision of telescope. Specimens were sent to laboratory according to protocol for culture sensitivity.

Results: A total of 171 patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included. Mean age of the patients was 49.39±8.78 years. 83 (48.5%) were male and 88 (51.5%) were female. Prevalence of salmonella typhi in bile specimens collected from patients undergoing cholecystectomy, was found 17.54%. Furthermore, the frequency of salmonella isolate was statically insignificant according to the patient’s gender, diabetes and obesity (p=>0.05), while it was statically significant according to age up to 40 years and residence in rural areas (p-<0.05.

Conclusion: A significant proportion of patients were found to have Salmonella in bile from patients undergoing cholecystectomy. Therefore, close monitoring of patients must be done in all patients with regular follow-up.

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Published

2024-06-11

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Original Articles